Posts Tagged ‘revolution’

Recent outrage of politicians against any anti corruption campaign was based on the argument that the entire movement was basically ‘middle class’. Just by this one sentence , they have written off the entire movement from the history, and the argument was supported by some enthusiastic media which amused on men and women in jeans and T- Shirt carrying Gandhian caps on their scalp.

The question is – If the movement was middle class, then what? Is middle class not a valuable asset of the nation, or middle is just a group of citizens who don’t believe in basic democratic functions and are just too much self centric, or the middle class is not worth listening to , because they are minority? What was the argument behind the statement?

Origin of middle class in history of civilization can be traced back to industrial revolution. The shifting of focus from agriculture to industry which required lesser labor for better yield when compared to agriculture, was enthusiastically pursued by men and women who were basically educated at some level and knew the basic functions of machine. This was the platform from where the middle originated. These were young men and women who were educated and wanted to pursue a better career as per their abilities, which was not agriculture definitely and other clerical works at governments and monarchies were too small for such large group. Industry supplied them with job of their aspirations, they supplied industry of the skill that it needed. In return, industry flourished and so did this new group, which was now getting more money than most others in agriculture and petty labor. Thanks to high efficiency paradigm of industrial revolution; lesser men for greater yield.

As this process proceeded, this new group of men and women, who now had enough money, went from subsistence to partially luxurious. They started to become the prime consumer of industry products themselves. The wealth of industry was circulating in this small group from production to consumption and then back to production process. As they begun to prosper, natural law of induction came into force and more and more came to industry jobs to seek the gold out of this gold mine. This resulted in epic explosion in numbers added to this group which after certain period of time, became majority in population when nations became fully industrial and was called the Middle Class. In fact the definition of industrialization came to have middle class in it as a majority in population. If a country didn’t have middle class majority, it was not considered fully industrial. Why middle Class? Simple, because it lied between the upper aristocracy and lower labor sections.

The deadly combination of education and resources (money) got accumulated in this group; the middle class. This was the recipe of enlightenment, and the precursor of revolution. Education brought enlightenment of thoughts and freedom from orthodoxy, and resources brought the courage to fight the discrimination from upper class, and natural privileges entertained by them; result was revolution.

It is not just a coincidence that most of the revolution took place in Europe just after the industrial revolution. Many great thinkers like Rousseau, Maximilien Robespierre, Mazzini etc were middle class. Middle class was not ready to compromise their liberty for unreasonable excuses like natural privileges of king and church. There were revolutions all over, starting from French to Russian. Did middle class alone brought revolution? No! But it created the recipe, and mobilized the lower class which was already suppressed badly. The revolution was caused by middle class ideas and lower class oppression.

But middle class itself was not ready to comprise its status post revolution with lower class, as can be quoted from examples that even after French revolution , universal adult suffrage was not allowed. Only with some pre specified property could vote. But this was temporary, and soon all differences were leveled.

Synchronizing the above facts and inferences with India, pre Independence, the middle class freedom fighters who were lawyers , teachers, philosophers, writers etc created a framework of fight against colonial power and lower class like farmers, labors, peasants etc executed the fight from the front in their guidance. Post independence saw the emergence of new middle class, with second five year plan which shifted focus from agriculture to industry to generate employment and tackle national income crisis. So, post independence , Planning commission can be quoted as the father of middle class. Not so soon after emergence of this middle class, India witnessed another movement, The JP movement against the Indira Government, which was the biggest after Independence. It was started by students of Bihar who later asked JP to lead, again middle class. In fact ruling party dismissed the entire movement by saying that it was middle class movement (as they knew exactly). But the fact is, that the ripples of movement shook off the very foundation of Indian politics and ruling party, which can be seen today itself. Recent Arab spring is also a perfect example of middle class rising.

So,when today, politician say that these anti corruption movements are just Middle class, it can not be the argument to write off the movement. But if you know history well, and you know what middle class is, then this link between recent movements and the middle class should be very scary to politicians. The proper defense for them would be if they say that such movements are not middle class. Because saying that these are Middle class movements means a potential revolution is knocking on their doors.


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5:30 p.m, Cannaught Place, Delhi. In a pleasant evening , wetted after mild monsoon rain, slowly blowing cold wind in summers, we were roaming there in search of some coffee there, after some shopping at Palika. We took an  underground sub-way to cross the road. The sub-way had children selling pirated books and some chewing gum stuff. It was a dark corner in the subway from where we heard a sudden shouting. like others there we also went ahead to see what the matter was, it was a tall boy screaming at small child of around 12 years. we could not figure out the reason of this mess, but the boy was clearly drunk. He was wearing a black T-shirt , his eyes were pierced like some rockstar and his shoes were red colored, a complete mismatch with some green colored jeans. However, which attracted me the most was the sketch of the face made on his T-shirt. It was the same face that i saw a number of times on the T-shirts of many other guys who love to look like some rock star. It was the face of Che Guevara.

Che Guevara had been the face South American socialist cum communist revolution and was contemporary of Fidel Castro. He was the father of Guirella warfare in that region and for more details ask CIA, who bitted bullet to nail down this communist hero. Started his career as a doctor,he later dedicated his life for the cause of poor,after seeing the much social discrimination in the region and unequal distribution of resources , apparently due to colonialism, in the name of free markets.  It was Che who inspired the New York Times Bestseller , The motorcycle diaries, the notes of his journey in 1950 (4500 kms) and 1951(8000 kms ) in Latin America, on a motorbike. This journey could have been a dream for those in today’s scenario who try to fake of being tough by biking  a few hundred kilometers, or for those who ride mad in the nights. This journey was an introspection for Che and he learned the drawbacks of colonialism and felt the pain of labours working for different private operatives. But Che thought that the only way to correct the situation was to go for a complete revolution, a complete dismiss of current government as he thought the government being the toy of colonial powers and anti-people. And thats where he and Fidel Castro matched their frequencies. They were a part of million armed mutinies against the government. Later they succeeded in throwing away the government of Cuba in so-called Cuban Revolution. They framed laws which were pro-comminist and started neutral land-reform practices. Che and Castro had been successful in spoiling an all american affair in Latin America. The communist heroes were able to establish an anti-US government , just few thousand miles away from the strongest Colonial power of those times, the USA.

i can’t describe entirely who Che was…just take a look at his thoughts..

“I don’t care if I fall as long as someone else picks up my gun and keeps on shooting.”

Silence is argument carried out by other means.

The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall.

I know you are here to kill me. Shoot, coward, you are only going to kill a man.

If you tremble indignation at every injustice then you are a comrade of mine.

In fact, if Christ himself stood in my way, I, like Nietzsche, would not hesitate to squish him like a worm

I knew that the moment the great governing spirit strikes the blow to divide all humanity into just two opposing factions, I would be on the side of the common people.
I am not Christ or a philanthropist, old lady, I am all the contrary of a Christ…. I fight for the things I believe in, with all the weapons at my disposal and try to leave the other man dead so that I don’t get nailed to a cross or any other place”
I am not a liberator. Liberators do not exist. The people liberate themselves.
I am not interested in dry economic socialism. We are fighting against misery, but we are also fighting against alienation
We cannot be sure of having something to live for unless we are willing to die for it.

for more :en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Ernesto_’Che’_Guevara

i don’t know why that guy was screaming on that child, but if he had known who Che was, and he would still wear a Che T-Shirt, he would have never screamed on a poor child, who were not even able to dress himself with something which can be called cloths. By just wearing Che, doesn’t make you look cool, you have to follow what Che stood for, you have to know what else is there other than being  just a cool dude , for a man to explore, u may not be able to ride thousand kilometers for that, but still you can spend sometime to think over this. And yes, believing Che doesn’t mean that you should pick up guns against the government,as this is not the time when Che started his battle,and its not the same government like government of those days,its too much democratic these days, and we are a  part  of world’s largest and fairest democracy , you just have to  be cautious about things that can go  against people and have courage to raise your voice against such  things. And if that is too much to be asked for, than at least don’t scream at a poor , just because he would not be able to give it back  to you.

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